The Books of the Bible Listing

A Listing of the the Numbers and Titles of the 66 Books of the Bible, including Category and numbers of chapters (Ch) and verses (V), with reveal of the key content of the given book.


OT [1]
[The Pentateuch]
Ch: 50 / V: 1533

Begins with the creation of the Universe over 6 days, with God resting on the seventh. The number 7, and multiples of it, represents perfection or completion within the bible and it figures prominently in the Book of Revelation.

Adam and Eve commit the original sin and are expelled from the paradise that is the Garden of Eden.

Cain, son of Adam and Eve, kills his brother Abel and is expelled to the land of Nod, albeit with the mark of Cain upon him which was God’s warning that he was not to be punished.

Noah, a descendent of Seth, the third son of Adam and Eve, is saved from the Flood, and God makes his first covenant in promising not to flood the earth again, with the rainbow being a sign of his promise.

The Tower of Babel in Babylon is destroyed by God, who forces multiple languages onto the people so they are unable to understand each other and as a result unable to undertake such grandiose tasks again.

God makes his second covenant with Abraham and requires he and his descendants worship only one God. God tells Abraham that his descendants will inherit the Promised Land.

When Sodom and Gomorrah are destroyed Lot, Abraham’s nephew, is saved though his wife is turned into a pillar of salt.

Abraham has a son Ishmael and is told he will found a great nation, but it is a later son Isaac through whom God’s covenant is established. Ishmael is viewed in the Islamic faith as the founder of the Arabs and a forefather of Muhammad.

Abraham is asked to sacrifice his son Isaac to prove his loyalty, which he is willing to do.

Jacob, son of Isaac, tricks his elder twin out of his inheritance, but is nevertheless favoured by God. Jacob is given the name Israel, and has 12 sons which become the founders of the 12 tribes of Israel.

Joseph, son and favourite of Jacob, is sold into slavery by his brothers, but eventually becomes a senior Egyptian official after interpreting the Pharoah’s dreams.

Jacob and the rest of his sons are reconciled with Joseph in Egypt, where Jacob and later Joseph die.
OT: [2]
[The Pentateuch]
Ch: 40 / V: 1213

Whilst initially prosperous in Egypt, after a number of generations the Israelites become feared and oppressed.

Moses was adopted as a baby by an Egyptian princess, having been found in a basket floating on the river. He has to flee into exile having killed an Egyptian who had been beating a Hebrew slave.

God appears to Moses from within a burning bush and tells him he is to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.

To convince the Pharoah to let them go 10 plagues are visited upon the Egyptians.

The Jewish feast of the Passover dates from the Israelites being spared the tenth plague which claimed the first born of each Egyptian family.

The Israelites are allowed to leave - the Exodus - but the Pharoah changes his mind. The Israelites are able to cross the Red Sea when Moses parts the waters, and the pursuing Egyptians are drowned when the waters are once more allowed to flow.

In the desert God provides water, and manna from heaven, and Quail.

God enters into a further covenant with the people of Israel, and Moses receives the Ten Commandments and other instruction from God on Mount Sinai. Note that whilst the Christian faith focusses on the 10 commandments, Judaism knows the wider set of instructions as the Torah, which remains the basis of Jewish religious law through to modern times.

Whilst Moses was gone for 40 days receiving further instruction from God, including that relating to the construction of the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant, the Israelites built a Golden Calf, contrary to the recently received Commandment not to make idols. Moses on his return was angry and on his command 3,000 were killed by the Levites.

The Tabernacle, a portable place of worship, and the Ark of the Covenant, a wooden box to house the Tablets on which the 10 commandments were inscribed, are constructed.

OT: [3]
[The Pentateuch]
Ch: 27 / V: 859

God provides to Moses and to the Israelites the laws for making offerings.

Aaron and his sons are anointed and consecrated as priests.

Distinctions are provided between clean and unclean acts.

Certain foods are forbidden, including rabbit, pig, and shellfish.

God provides the rules for Holy Living, and rituals, and Holy Days, including the yearly Day of Atonement.
OT: [4]
[The Pentateuch]
Ch: 36 / V: 1288

Having sent spies to check out the promised land, the Israelites fear to enter, not trusting in God to overcome the existing occupants who are well fortified. As a result they are condemned to remain in the wilderness for another 40 years.

There are many complaints against God which are punished severely.

When Moses struck a rock and provided water to the community, his failure to precisely follow God’s instructions meant he was punished and told he would not lead the Israelites into the promised land.

The Israelites defeat the Amorites and other peoples who stood in their way.

After 40 years in the wilderness, the Israelites complete their journey into Canaan, the promised land, under the leadership of Joshua, and killed or forced out the peoples that had been living there.
OT: [5]
[The Pentateuch]
Ch: 34 / V: 959

Includes the words spoken by Moses to the Israelites prior to them entering the promised land.

A recap of the period since the time of Mount Sinai and the experiences and lessons learnt.

The need for loyalty to the one God and the following of the law-code.

A prediction that future generations will suffer because of their disobedience towards God, but that one day they will return to him.

Moses passes the leadership to Joshua, blesses the 12 tribes, and dies on Mount Nebo at the age of 120.
OT: [6]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 24 / V: 658

The taking of the land of Caanan under the leadership of Joshua. Includes a crossing of the River Jordan with the waters stopping to allow the Israelites to cross.

The seemingly impregnable city of Jerico is taken after God instructed the Israelites to walk around its wall seven times and then blow their horns and all shout, at which point the walls of Jerico fell down.

The destruction of the city of Ai and all those in it.

The killing of almost everyone else in the lands the Israelites conquered, albeit the Gibeonites were spared to become woodcutters and water carriers. The land was divided up amongst the tribes of Israel and towns allotted to the Levites, the priests.

The death of Joshua at 110 and his burial.
OT: [7]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 21 / V: 618

The stories of many ‘Judges’, typically leaders who led the people in battles, following the time of Joshua and prior to the times of the Kings of Israel. Includes the stories of:

Deborah, the only female judge mentioned who inspired the Israelites to victory over the Canaanites.

Gideon, who with a chosen 300 defeated the Midianites.

Sampson, against the Philistines, who after being tricked by Deliah and having his hair cut, as a result of which he lost his strength, recovered it once his hair grew again and pulled down the temple on himself and 3,000 of his enemies.

Other Judges whose stories are told include Othniel, Ehud, and Jephthah.

A pattern regularly repeated is of the people turning away from God, being punished, praying for salvation, which is then provided under the leadership of a new Judge, before the cycle then repeats.

OT: [8]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 4 / V: 85

Ruth is identified as the great grandmother of King David, who is himself an ancestor of Jesus.

Ruth is a story of loyalty and love. Ruth herself was a Moabite who had originally married an Israelite, and upon his death, out of loyalty, she had accompanied her mother-in-law back to her homeland at Bethlehem.

Once in Bethlehem, Ruth’s kindness attracted the attention of a wealthy landowner who she subsequently married. Their son was the grandfather of King David.
OT: [9]
1 Samuel
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 31 / V: 810

Originally one book the Books of Samuel was split into two during translations.

The first book tells of the birth of Samuel, his anointing of Saul as King, through to Saul’s death.

The ark of the covenant is captured by the Philistines, but after God’s vengeance on those cities hosting it, it is returned to Israel.

Saul is selected to be king after leading the Israelites to victory in battle.

Includes the story of David slaying the giant Goliath.

Saul’s pride prevents him from being a good King, and he becomes envious and afraid of David.

Saul takes his own life to prevent himself being captured by the Philistines.
OT: [10]
2 Samuel
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 24 / V: 695

A continuation from the first book of Samuel.

David becomes king, initially of Judah and then, after conflict with the sons of Saul, also of Israel.

David captures Jerusalem which is established as his capital and the ark of the covenant is taken there.

God makes a new covenant with David in which he promises a place for the people of Israel where they will not be disturbed, and that one of David’s descendants will build a house for God’s name and David’s house and kingdom will endure forever.

Whilst David is successful as a military leader he later sins and has an affair with a married woman whose husband he sends off to be killed. The woman is Bathsheba, who David subsequently marries and who later gives birth to Solomon.

David’s firstborn son Amnon is killed by his half brother Absolom as a result of having raped Absolom’s sister Tamar. Absolom later rebelled against his father and is subsequently is killed following a battle and his hair having got caught in a tree.
OT: [11]
1 Kings
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 22 / V: 816

Again, originally one book subsequently split into two.

Initially covers the reign of Solomon, including the story of his wisdom, the building of the first Temple as replacement for the Tabernacle, a visit from the Queen of Sheba, and his many wives.

As a result of Solomon taking many wives and his turning away from the Lord, the kingdom of Israel is divided into that of Israel and that of Judah during the period of Solomon’s son, Rehoboam.

The stories of many Kings and Prophets of Israel and Judah, of those who kept the covenant, those that broke it, and encounters with God’s prophets.

Includes most of the story of the prophet Elijah, whose faith in God led to a number of miracles.

The story of Jezebel, wife of King Ahab of Israel, occurs mostly during the period of Elijah as she encourages the worship of Baal, kills off many of the Lord’s prophets, and attempts to have Elijah killed.

OT: [12]
2 Kings
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 25 / V: 719

The completion of the story of Elija, who does not die but is taken directly up to heaven in a whirlwind after the appearance of a chariot of fire.

The story of Elija’s successor Elisha.

Continues the stories of the Kings and Prophets of Israel and Judah.

The kingdom of Israel is ended after invasion by the Assyrians and the Israelites deported, subsequently referred to as the ten lost tribes of Israel. Judah, centred on Jerusalem, consisting of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, is saved by God, and continues for more than another 100 years.

Following the death of the righteous king Josiah, his successors ‘did evil in the eyes of the Lord’, and Judah, and Jerusalem, was conquered by the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar. Many Judeans are taken into exile in Babylon and Solomon’s temple and much of Jerusalem was destroyed.

OT: [13]
1 Chronicles
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 29 / V: 942

Again the Chronicles 1 and 2 was originally a single book telling of some of the Israeli history with a particular emphasis on the stories of David and Solomon, putting them in a better light than earlier books.

The Chronicles are aimed at an Israeli audience following their return from exile in Babylon. The stories are focussed on demonstrating how sin leads to disaster whereas repentance and obedience to God brings victory and prosperity.

1 Chronicles runs through to the death of David.
OT: [14]
2 Chronicles
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 36 / V: 822

2 Chronicles continues from 1 Chronicles, picking up from Solomon becoming king.

The last mention in the Bible of the location of the Ark of the Covenant is given in 2 Chronicles where instruction is given for the sacred ark to be put into the temple of Solomon.

The Chronicles concludes with the exile into Babylon and seventy years later with the return as a result of the Proclamation of Cyrus.
OT: [15]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 10 / V: 280

The story of the return from exile in Babylon, in two waves, the first under Sheshbazzar (also known as Zerubbabel) and the second, some 60 years later, under Ezra.

The temple at Jerusalem is rebuilt during the time of the Persian king Darius.

Ezra considered those who had come before and were now living in Israel as being too lax in their ways and sought to strengthen their covenant with God. In particular he persuaded many of them to give up their marriages to foreign wives.
OT: [16]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 13 / V: 406

Set in the same time as the Book of Ezra, the return of the Jews from Babylon. Nehemiah’s return is after Ezra’s, during the time of Darius’s successor Artaxerxes.

With the Persian’s permission, Nehemiah rebuilds the walls of Jerusalem.

With Nehemiah as governor and Ezra as priest the Israelites reaffirm their commitment to follow the Law of God, including respect for the Sabbath.
OT: [17]
[The Historical Books]
Ch: 10 / V: 167

Set in the period between the initial return from Babylonian exile under Sheshbazzar and the later return from exile under Ezra.

Esther, a young Jewish woman, who became the Persian queen married to Xerxes I (referred to as Ahasuerus in the bible), albeit without it being known she was a Jew.

Saves Xerxes’ life when she heard of a plot against him.

She saves the Jews from a plot by Xerxes’ prime minister to have all the Jews killed.

The Jews are allowed to take up arms to defend themselves and proceeded to take revenge against their enemies.

The book of Esther makes no reference to God.
OT: [18]
[Poetry and Wisdom Books]
Ch: 42 / V: 1070

Makes no reference to Jewish history.

Job is living in the land of Uz as a God loving man who has a good life and is very rich.

At a meeting between Satan and God, God allows Satan to test Job’s faith in him.

Satan kills all Job’s animals, and servants, and his sons and his daughters, but Job does not curse God.

Satan then covers Job in sores, but despite the urging of his wife, Job still does not curse God.

Much of the book is then concerned with Job talking with his friends and whilst Job starts to doubt whether God really is good he retains his faith in him.

Job is rewarded for his faith with riches surpassing those he had had previously and goes on to live to be 140 years old.
OT: [19]
[Poetry and Wisdom Books]
Ch: 150 / V: 2461

150 Psalms or Hymns and Poems offering up praise to the Lord. About half of the Psalms are related in some way to King David.

The Psalms are a mix of descriptions about events, lamentations, prophesies, moral lessons, and expressions of praise and devotion.

Originally intended to be sung alongside stringed instruments and cymbals.

Psalms filled with images and metaphors.

Chapter/Psalm 1: ‘Blessed is the one who does not walk in step with the wicked …’

Chapter/Psalm 23: ‘The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures, …’
OT: [20]
[Poetry and Wisdom Books]
Ch: 31 / V: 915

Intended to ‘give knowledge and discretion to the young, give prudence to those who are simple, and to let the wise add to their learning.’ Much of it practical advice.

Many of the proverbs are attributed to Solomon.

Includes ‘Thirty sayings of the wise’.

The epilogue defines the characteristics of a wife of noble character.
OT: [21]
[Poetry and Wisdom Books]
Ch: 12 / V: 222

Reflections on the meaning of life and on how to live.

Considers life and everything we do and everything we have to be meaningless. ‘…when I surveyed all that my hands had done and what I had toiled to achieve, everything was meaningless, a chasing after the wind; nothing was gained under the sun.’

Nevertheless wisdom is better than folly.

Includes - ‘To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: a time to be born and a time to die, …’.

The duty of mankind is to fear God and to keep the commandments.
OT: [22]
Song of Songs
[Poetry and Wisdom Books]
Ch: 8 / V: 117

Also known as The Song of Solomon.

Largely love poems spoken between a man and a woman. The man may have been Solomon. Often treated as allegorical, and either about God’s love for the Jews or Christ’s love for his believers.
OT: [23]
[The Major Prophets]
Ch: 66 / V: 1292

A book of historical accounts and of prophesies.

Includes the prophesy predicting the coming of Jesus: ‘The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.’

Talks of a servant to come who will suffer and die for the sins of the people.

Includes prophesies regarding the exile to and return from Babylon.

Includes prophesies relating to a future judgement and the creation of a new heaven and a new earth.

Includes the verse: ‘Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom.’

A quote from Isiah appears on a wall across the street from the United Nations Building in New York and taken as an unofficial mission statement: ‘They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more’.

“There is no peace,” says my God, “for the wicked.”
OT: [24]
[The Major Prophets]
Ch: 52 / V: 1364

Jeremiah was a prophet at the time of the taking of Jerusalem by the Babylonians and the exile of many important Jews to Babylon, which Jeremiah had prophesised and been persecuted for.

Jeremiah talks of a future new covenant between God the people of Israel as a result of the Israelites breaking their original covenant by the worshiping of other gods.

Despite warning against going to Egypt many Israelites flee there taking Jeremiah with them.

Includes a damning judgement regarding the various nations surrounding the lands of the Israelites, including Egypt, the Philistines, Elam, Babylon, and others.
OT: [25]
[The Major Prophets]
Ch: 5 / V: 154

Consists of 5 chapters lamenting the fall of Jerusalem and the resulting destruction and tribulations of the people.

The destruction is recognised as a just punishment.

Recognises the possibility that God may have rejected Israel.
OT: [26]
[The Major Prophets]
Ch: 48 / V: 1273

A prophet who was amongst those exiled to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.

Contains a number of prophesies and visions, heavy in symbology and analogy, concerning Judah, Jerusalem, the Temple, and other Nations.

Talks of the punishments being bestowed upon the Israelites but also of their future revival and provides details of the New Temple.

As in the Book of Jeremiah tells of the vengeance against and destruction of the various Nations surrounding Israel.

Defines the boundaries for the future division of the land amongst the twelve tribes.
OT: [27]
[The Major Prophets]
Ch: 12 / V: 357

Daniel was another prophet who was amongst those exiled to Babylon.

Following his interpreting of the King’s dream, which the King’s advisors had been unable to do, he and his friends are given positions of influence.

The refusal of Daniel and his friends to worship the Babylonian gods sees attempts at punishment leading to miracles. When his three friends are put into a furnace they emerge unharmed. When Daniel is thrown in a den of lions he is also unharmed.

The phrase ‘the writing is on the wall’ originates from Chapter 5 of the Book of Daniel where a hand wrote some words on a wall which Daniel was able to interpret as telling of the King’s impending death.

Daniel has a number of dreams and visions about destructive future events and the rise of other powers, but in the end God will triumph.
OT: [28]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 14 / V: 197

Set during the times of the Kings of Judah and the fall of the Kingdom of Israel.

The story of Hosea and his adulterous wife who despite his loving her and keeping faith with her continues to be unfaithful. This is likened in the Book to Gods relationship with the Israelites, who despite God’s love for them continue to show disloyalty.

Hosea is critical of the priests and people of Israel and tells of God’s rejection of them, albeit with a promise of a future reconciliation.
OT: [29]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 3 / V: 73

Not specifically linked to any particular time period though concerns the land of Judah.

Tells of a plague of locusts and the ensuing devastation. May be reference to a real plague of locusts or may be an analogy for invading forces.

The people are called upon to return to God, upon which having done so they will be saved.

Reference is made to a future day of the Lord when the sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood and everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.
OT: [30]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 9 / V: 146

Set during a time of prosperity for the northern kingdom of Israel, not long before its fall. The people of Israel have become prosperous but have turned away from God and have become oppressive.

Prophesises the destruction of Israel and the later restoration.

Further reference is made to the day of the Lord.
OT: [31]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 1 / V: 21

The shortest book of the Old Testament, consisting of only one chapter.

Concerns the close neighbours of the Israelites, the Edomites. For a long period the Edomites were subservient to the Judeans.

As a result of their aiding others against Judah the Edomites would be slaughtered and their lands taken over by others, including in part Israeli exiles.
OT: [32]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 4 / V: 48

Jonah is sent by God to preach at Nineveh, but instead Jonah seeks to flee across the sea.

God sends a storm and to protect themselves the sailors throw Jonah overboard.

Jonah is swallowed by a great fish where he then resides for 3 days and 3 nights. He relents to doing God’s bidding and is vomited back onto dry land.

Jonah is successful in convincing the Ninevites to pay homage to God and God relents on his intention to destroy them.

Jonah is not happy that the city has been spared, believing salvation should be for the Israelites alone.
OT: [33]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 7 / V: 105

Set during the time of Israel and Judah being threatened by more powerful neighbours leading to the destruction of Israel’s capital at the hands of the Assyrians.

A mix of warnings of and descriptions of the disasters that will fall and have fallen on the Israelites as a result of not behaving as they should, albeit recognising future restoration.

References to the exile and return from Babylon.

Reference to a future ruler who will come out of Bethlehem and be a shepherd to his people.
OT: [34]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 3 / V: 47

A short book of 3 chapters telling of the fall of Nineveh, the Assyrian capital, as God’s revenge following the Assyrian afflictions upon Judah.

Makes reference to the earlier fall of Thebes in Egypt.
OT: [35]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 3 / V: 56

A dialogue between the prophet Habakkuk and God, whereby Habakkuk asks God about his tolerance of wrongdoing and is told that they are in fact punished.

Habakkuk accepts God’s answers and reaffirms his faith.

Includes the statement that the righteous person will live by his faithfulness, subsequently referred to in the New Testament.
OT: [36]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 3 / V: 53

Includes further more extensive reference to the day of the Lord and its bringing of judgement to the whole earth.

Makes mention of the destruction of Jerusalem and Judah and some of the nearby Nations including Assyria.

Those who trust in the name of the Lord will be saved.
OT: [37]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 2 / V: 38

Following the initial return from exile in Babylon, the prophet Haggai relays God’s message of the importance of the building of the second Temple.
OT: [38]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 14 / V: 211

Set contemporary to and continuing from the Book of Haggai.

Includes a number of visions presaging the end of times – including four horses, a flying scroll, and a woman in a basket - and the coming of the kingdom of God.

Reference to a future king who will come riding on a donkey. Also other references which are later taken to be references to events relating to Jesus – 30 pieces of silver and he whom they have pierced.
OT: [39]
[The Minor Prophets]
Ch: 4 / V: 55

Not set in any specific time though believed to be after that of Zechariah and Haggai.

Condemned various practiced which were contrary to the teachings of God: the use of blemished animals in sacrifice, divorce, the withholding of tithes in support of the priesthood, speaking against God.

Includes a reminder that the day of the Lord is coming and it will burn like a furnace.

Talks of a messenger who will be sent to prepare the way – taken as reference to John the Baptist or Jesus Christ.

Prophesies the return of Elijah before the end of time.
NT: [1]
[The Gospels]
Ch: 28 / V: 1071

The principal story of the life and death of Jesus.

Traces Jesus’s genealogy back to King David and to Abraham.

The virgin birth, the visit of the Magi, and escape to Egypt to avoid Herod’s massacre of all the young boys.

John the Baptist and the baptism of Jesus in the river Jordan, which marks the beginning of Jesus’ ministry.

The temptation of Jesus by the Devil after 40 days and 40 nights of fasting.

The first disciples and the healing the sick.

The Sermon on the Mount delivers the core messages of how his followers should think and act, that blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the earth, that if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek, to do to others as you would have them do to you, and not to judge or you too will be judged. It is also the origin of the Lord’s prayer.

Many miracles including curing a man of leprosy and raising a girl from the dead.

The sending out of his 12 disciples to drive out impure spirits and heal the sick.

A number of parables including that of the Sower and that of the Weeds.

The beheading of John the Baptist by Herod at the behest of Salome.

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand and Walks on Water.

Jesus is recognised as the Messiah by Peter.

The Transfiguration during which Jesus talks with Moses and Elijah. A voice from the cloud proclaims: “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!”

Jesus predicts his own death.

Jesus enters Jerusalem on a donkey.

Jesus overturns tables at the Temple and drives out those buying and selling there.

The greatest commandment: ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ The second ‘Love your neighbour as yourself.’

The Last Supper, betrayal by Judas with a kiss at the Garden of Gethsemane, the arrest of Jesus, Peter’s 3 times denial.

Jesus brought before Pilate, and the chief priests and elders exhort the crowd to release Barabbas rather than Jesus.

Jesus dies on the cross, and after 3 days rises from the dead, and sends his disciples out to all nations.

Whilst there is considerable overlap with the Gospels of Mark and Luke, there is an emphasis in Matthew on Jesus as a fulfilment of the prophesies from the Old Testament.
NT: [2]
[The Gospels]
Ch: 16 / V: 678

A further story of the life and death of Jesus, with significant overlap with that of Matthew and Luke.

More focussed on what Jesus did rather than what Jesus said.

Includes the teaching that ‘the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath’.

Includes the declaration by Jesus that ‘all foods are clean’.

Is the only Gospel to explicitly recognise Jesus as a Carpenter.

Generally, the Gospel of Mark shows a more human side to the nature of Jesus and as such includes some details that the other Gospels do not.

The Gospel of Mark recognises the disciples as flawed and making mistakes, albeit as part of the learning process.
NT: [3]
[The Gospels]
Ch: 24 / V: 1151

The third Gospel to deal extensively with the life and death of Jesus, with significant overlap with Matthew and Mark.

In Luke, there is a greater emphasis on the people Jesus interacted with, including the poor, the ill and women, and also on Jesus as a friend not only to Jews but also to Samaritans and to the outcasts from different races and nationalities.

The births of John the Baptist and of Jesus are foretold by the angel Gabriel.

The births of John the Baptist and of Jesus are described. The adoration of the Shepherds and the recognition of baby Jesus as the Mesiah by an old man and an old woman.

Jesus at age 12 in the temple talking with the rabbis.

Stories found only in Luke include those of the Prodigal Son, the Good Samaritan, and the Rich Man and the beggar Lazarus.

Jesus heals ten lepers, the only one of which thanks him being a Samaritan.

At the Last Supper, a Passover meal, Jesus declares the new covenant in his blood, an event celebrated during mass as the communion.

One of the two men crucified alongside Jesus, the penitent thief, is spiritually saved just before he dies.

After having risen Jesus walks and talks with two men on the road to Emmaus before they recognise him and he disappears.

Jesus is taken up into heaven after having been with his disciples.
NT: [4]
[The Gospels]
Ch: 21 / V: 879

Whilst also about the life and death of Jesus, and telling some of the same stories, the Gospel of John is not so closely derivative as are the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

Elements covered in the 3 preceding Gospels and not in that of John include the story of the birth of Jesus, the baptism of Jesus, the temptation of Jesus by the devil, the transfiguration, and the sermon on the mount. Nor does the Gospel of John include the Parables.

The Gospel of John is focussed on Jesus as the son of God. The opening statement in the Gospel is: ‘In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.’

Some events described in John and not in the other Gospels include:
- the wedding feast at Cana and the changing of water into wine;
- Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead after he has been dead for four days;
- the saving a woman accused of adultery with the words “Let the one among you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her”;
- Jesus’ washing of his disciples feet at the Last Supper as an act of humility;
- Jesus carried his cross by himself;
- Jesus appearing to Mary Magdalene, who initially mistakes him for the gardener;
- Jesus appearing first to the disciples without Thomas who then expresses his doubts, but then a second time with him;
- and Jesus appearing a third time to the disciples by the Sea of Galilee.
NT: [5]
Acts of the Apostles
[The Book of Acts]
Ch: 28 / V: 1007

The Acts of the Apostles is a continuation from the Gospel of Luke, and tells the story of Christianity following the Ascension of Jesus into heaven, through to Paul’s arrival and early preaching in Rome.

Matthais replaces Judas as the 12th disciple. The 12 are now referred to as the apostles.

The Holy Spirit comes upon the apostles at Pentecost and any who hear them are able to do so in their own language.

Peter addresses the crowd and many become believers and are baptized. The believers share their possessions.

As the apostles continue to teach, occasionally perform miracles, and gain believers, they come into conflict with the Jewish priests.

The number of disciples increases and one of them, Stephen, is stoned to death, witnessed by Saul, who becomes a persecutor of the believers.

Philip baptises an Ethiopian eunuch.

The conversion of Saul on the road to Damascus.

Peter has a vision after which he begins to preach to and baptise Gentiles.

Antioch, with many Greeks, becomes an important centre for belief in Jesus and the disciples there are called Christians and considered a part of the church.

Herod has James put to death and imprisons Peter, but Peter escapes after being rescued by an Angel.

Herod is struck down and killed by an Angel.

Saul, also called Paul, and Barnabas preach on Cyprus.

After much debate at the Council of Jerusalem, it is confirmed that the Gentiles do not to be circumcised in order to be equal to the Jews within the church of Christ.

In Phillipi, Paul and Silas are flogged and imprisoned but following an earthquake their jailer becomes a believer.

Paul travels extensively around the Greek and Macedonian cities including Athens, and Corinth, and Ephesus.

Paul is called to Jerusalem where he is arrested.

A Jewish plot to kill Paul fails due to his being protected by the Romans as a result of his being a Roman citizen.

After two years in prison, albeit with some freedoms, Paul is tried, but appeals to Caesar and is sent to Rome.

On the way to Rome Paul is shipwrecked on Malta, where he cures many of the sick.

After staying on Malta for 3 months Paul continues on his way to Rome, where he begins to preach.
NT: [6]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 16 / V: 433

The epistles are letters written by the apostles to particular groups of their followers. Most of the epistles were written by Paul, of which this is the first, a letter from Paul to the followers of Christ in Rome, which was written before Paul was called to Jerusalem.

Makes clear he is appealing to both the Jews and the Gentiles.

Provides an assurance of salvation for the believers.

Acknowledges the suffering being experienced by the Christians but considers it as nothing compared to the glory to come.

Expresses his hope that Israel will still be saved.

We should do in accordance with the gifts the grace has given to us.

Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

Emphasises the need to obey the governing authorities.

Do not judge those whose faith is not as strong as your own.

The letter tells of Paul’s intent to travel to Spain via Rome.
NT: [7]
1 Corinthians
[The Epistles]
Ch: 16 / V: 437

Dated from before the letter to the Romans, the first letter to the Corinthians was in response to a letter from the Corinthians asking for clarity on a number of matters and also in response to news he had received of conflicts and flawed views.

Paul had earlier founded the Christian community in Corinth.

Paul is critical of the Corinthians identifying themselves as followers of particular apostles, pointing out that they are all followers of Christ.

Warns against associated with anyone who is guilty of incest, or is greedy, an idolater, a slanderer, drunkard or a swindler. Such people will not enter the kingdom of God, and nor will homosexuals or adulterers.

Talks about the obligations of married life.

Women should pray with their heads covered and men without their heads being covered. Women should not speak in church.

Talks about the resurrection of Christ and answers some questions about the resurrection of the dead.

Includes the following: ‘Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. .. ‘ and ‘When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.’.
NT: [8]
2 Corinthians
[The Epistles]
Ch: 13 / V: 257

A second letter from Paul to the Corinthians, about a year after the first letter. This letter may well be an amalgam of more than one letter.

Since his first letter to the Corinthians Paul has made a visit to Corinth which did not go well, and he refers to it in his second letter. He feels as though his authority as an apostle is being questioned and seeks to defend it.

The letter is very personal and includes much on his own experiences and sufferings.

In the letter Paul asks for the Corinthians to give generously in support of the church in Jerusalem.
NT: [9]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 6 / V: 149

A letter from Paul to the Galatians, a people living in part of what is modern day Turkey.

Paul is concerned that following his initial teachings, others have come who are preaching that though Gentiles, the Galatians should be adopting many of the practices and beliefs of the Jews, including that of circumcision. Paul firmly rejects this.
NT: [10]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 6 / V: 155

Generally considered to be a letter from Paul to the Christians in the city of Ephesus, in what is now the west coast of Turkey. Ostensibly from the time when Paul was in prison in Rome.

Emphasises that the Gentiles are every bit as much welcomed into the church of Christ as are the Jews, and on equal terms.

Instructions for living a Christian life include not stealing, giving up bitterness and malice, being kind and compassionate and forgiving, no sexual immorality or obscenities, not being greedy, making the most of every opportunity, do not get drunk, and always giving thanks to the God.

Wives must submit to and respect their husbands, and husbands must love their wives.

Children should honour their father and mother.

Slaves should obey their earthly masters and masters should not threaten their slaves.

‘Put on the full armour of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes.’ The armour includes the belt of truth, the breastplate of righteousness, the shield of faith, the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the spirit.
NT: [11]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 4 / V: 104

Paul’s letter to the Christians in Philippi, a city in Macedonia, was most likely written whilst he was imprisoned in Rome. It is likely to be a composite of up to three different letters.

Paul sees benefit in both going on living, and thus the opportunity for more fruitful labour, and in dying and thus being with Christ.

‘Do nothing out of selfish ambition’ and ‘look … to the interests of others.’

‘Do everything without grumbling or arguing.’

‘Rejoice in the Lord always.’

‘Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.’

Paul thanks the Philippians for their gifts.
NT: [12]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 4 / V: 95

Colossae was a city in southern Anatolia, modern day Turkey. The letter is generally thought to have been written by Paul when in prison in Rome, around the same time as that to the Philippians and Ephesians, and could have been sent to them at the same time.

Whilst it does not explicitly say so, the letter seemingly responds to some false beliefs taking hold amongst the Christians of Colossae. It refers to the ‘true message of the Gospel’ and warns against being taken captive by false and hollow philosophy dependent upon human tradition and elemental spiritual forces.

Beware of rules which are not founded through Christ, such as restrictions on eating and drinking or the celebration of religious festivals.

Contains much of the same advice on Christian living as is found in the Letters to the Ephesians and the Philippians.
NT: [13]
1 Thessalonians
[The Epistles]
Ch: 5 / V: 89

Thessaloniki is a city in Greece which had originally been in Macedonia. It was an early centre of Christian belief and the first letter to the Thessalonians may well be the first book written of the New Testament.

The church in Thessalonica is praised as a model for those elsewhere in Macedonia and parts of Greece.

Provides a reminder of the toil and hardship endured by Paul and those with him whilst preaching the Gospel.

Talks about wishing to return, and how encouraged he was to hear from Timothy about their faith and love.

Makes reference to the day of the Lord. The dead in Christ will rise again before the Lord comes down from heaven.

‘Make sure that nobody pays back wrong for wrong, but always strive to do what is good for each other and for everyone else. Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.’
NT: [14]
2 Thessalonians
[The Epistles]
Ch: 3 / V: 47

Written not long after the first letter to the Thessalonians.

Praises the growing faith and the love they have for each other.

Warns against those preaching the message that the day of the Lord has already come.

Warns against those who are idle and disruptive and busybodies.
NT: [15]
1 Timothy
[The Epistles]
Ch: 6 / V: 113

The letter is written as though it is from Paul to Timothy, a younger and favoured colleague, though is generally considered to have been written many years after Paul’s death.

Timothy is asked to remain in Ephesus in order to counter false doctrines.

Is what today we would consider highly sexist with wording such as: ‘I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet.’ and ‘…women will be saved through childbearing …’.

Identifies what is required of ‘overseers’, ie. bishops, and ‘deacons’ of the church.

Warns against teachings that forbid people to marry and to abstain from certain foods: ‘…everything God created is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving …’. ‘Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.’

‘We brought nothing into the world, and we can take nothing out of it.’

‘The love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.’

‘Fight the good fight of the faith.’
NT: [16]
2 Timothy
[The Epistles]
Ch: 4 / V: 83

Written as though it were a further letter from Paul to Timothy, but was probably written long after Paul’s death. If it was written by Paul was likely written whilst he was imprisoned and shortly before his death.

References those who have deserted him, Paul, and are preaching alternative teachings, including that Christ has already returned.

Encouraging Timothy to be strong, albeit recognising that ‘…everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, …’.

Paul says that his time of departure is near and that ‘I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, …’
NT: [17]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 3 / V: 46

Written as though a letter from Paul to Titus, one of his close companions. As with the letters to Timothy, it is likely this was written long after Paul’s death. Titus was particularly active in Crete and the letter is addressed to him whilst in Crete.

As with the first letter to Timothy, provides requirements for an ‘overseer’.

Talks of the need to hold firm in the light of those who are making false teaching based on Jewish myths or merely human commands.

Provides instruction on what to teach with regards older man and women and younger men and women, and also slaves.

‘In everything set them an example by doing what is good.’

Tells Titus to remind the people to be obedient to rulers and authorities.

‘Warn a divisive person once, and then warn them a second time. After that, have nothing to do with them.’
NT: [18]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 1 / V: 25

A short book consisting of only 1 chapter.

Concerns a slave, Onesimus, who had run away from his master, Philemon, and subsequently became a Christian.

Paul asks that Philemon accept Onesimus back not as a slave but as a brother, and offers to pay back anything owed.
NT: [19]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 13 / V: 303

A letter to the Jews regarding the relationship between Jewish Law and the Christian beliefs.

Whilst sometimes the letter has been attributed to Paul, this is now considered unlikely. It was however almost certainly written before the destruction of the temple in 70 AD.

The book argues that the prophesies of the Old Testament have been fulfilled through the new covenant arrived at through Christ.

Extensive reference is made back to the Old Testament.

Jesus, as the son of God, is superior to all the angels.

In order to break the power of the devil, it was necessary for the pioneer of human salvation to be made human, so that he might make atonement for the sins of the people.

Jesus is worthy of greater honour than Moses.

Jesus is seen as the High Priest successor to Melchizedek, who gave his blessing to Abraham. As such he, Jesus, is the bringer of a new law, a new covenant, superior to the old.

‘Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.’

Many examples are given of the importance of faith in the happenings of the Old Testament.

Provides a reminder of certain key tenants such as showing hospitality to strangers, honouring marriage, and not being carried away by strange teachings, and also of having confidence in leaders and submitting to their authority.
NT: [29]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 5 / V: 108

A letter from James, brother of Jesus and leader of the church in Jerusalem, to the twelve tribes scattered abroad. Likely to be the or one of the earliest of the New Testament writings.

General instructions and encouragements to the dispersed Jewish-Christians in the face of various hardships.

‘Know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance.’

‘Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry.’

‘Whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.’

‘…faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.’

‘God opposes the proud but shows favour to the humble.

‘Be patient … until the Lord’s coming.’

‘Whoever turns a sinner from the error of their way will save them from death and cover over a multitude of sins.’
NT: [21]
1 Peter
[The Epistles]
Ch: 5 / V: 105

A letter from Peter to various Christians scattered through various Roman provinces in what is now modern-day Turkey.

A mix of messages regarding Christian life against a general backdrop of persecution and the need to persevere.

‘… set your hope on the grace to be brought to you when Jesus Christ is revealed at his coming.’

‘Rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind.’

‘Live such good lives among the pagans that, though they accuse you of doing wrong, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day he visits us.’

‘It is commendable if someone bears up under the pain of unjust suffering because they are conscious of God.’

‘Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult.’

‘If you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name.’

‘Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that the family of believers throughout the world is undergoing the same kind of sufferings.’
NT: [2]
2 Peter
[The Epistles]
Ch: 3 / V: 61

A second letter from Peter, to those who have received the faith, from shortly before his death during the reign of Nero.

Warns of there being false prophets and false teachers, albeit ‘…the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials and to hold the unrighteous for punishment on the day of judgment.’ for which the examples of Noah and Lot are given.

Reference to the coming of the day of the Lord. ‘…since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with him.’
NT: [23]
1 John
[The Epistles]
Ch: 5 / V: 105

Historically the author has been considered by the church to be John the Apostle, also author of the Gospel of John. The letter was generally to Christians rather than to any group in particular.

Emphasises the importance of being honest about our sins and confessing to them. Only by doing so can we be forgiven.

To live in the light we must love one another.

Warns against previous believers, antichrists, who now preach that Jesus was not the son of God.

Provides assurance that those who believe in the son of God will achieve eternal salvation.
NT: [24]
2 John
[The Epistles]
Ch: 1 / V: 13

A further letter attributed to John the Apostle.

A single chapter warning of deceivers who reject Jesus as flesh and blood and yet also the son of God. Such deceivers are not to be welcomed.
NT: [25]
3 John
[The Epistles]
Ch: 1 / V: 14

A third letter attributed to John the Apostle.

Again a single chapter. Written to a man named Gaius, praising him for his hospitality to other Christians, and warning him of someone called Diotrephes who spreading malicious nonsense about the church.
NT: [26]
[The Epistles]
Ch: 1 / V: 25

A one-chapter letter from Jude, brother of James, and thus possibly also of Jesus, dependent upon precisely what was meant by brother. The letter is to believers in general.

A warning against false teachers, and a reminder of how false teachers have been punished in the past.

Makes reference to Enoch. Three Books of Enoch exist but are not included within the Christian bible.
NT: [27]
[The Book of Revelation]
Ch: 22 / V: 404

The Revelation given to John the Apostle by an angel sent by Jesus Christ whilst on the Greek island of Patmos.

Messages are given to seven churches, all of which are in what is now Eastern Turkey: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. A mix of praise, reproach, and encouragement is given. The seven churches are intended to represent the universal church.

John then describes a series of visions with a great deal of intense imagery.

A throne in heaven appears with someone sitting on it. Twenty-four thrones surround it on which sit twenty-four elders, who lay down their crowns.

In the right hand of he who sat on the throne was a scroll with seven seals. A lamb takes the scroll and opens the seals.

The first four seals release four horsemen, atop a white, a red, a black, and a pale horse, representing conquest, war, famine, and death. The fifth seal reveals the souls of slain martyrs calling for vengeance, and with the sixth seal a great earthquake and other disasters such that those surviving hide in caves.

A seal is put on the foreheads of 144,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel to mark them as servants of God and a great multitude in white robes carrying palm branches give praise to God.

With the seventh seal there appear seven angels with seven trumpets. With the sounding of each of the first six trumpets various disasters befall the earth, the creatures on it, and mankind. With the seventh trumpet God’s temple in heaven is opened within which is seen the Ark of the Covenant.

A war in heaven results in the devil being cast out for good.

On earth the devil grants power to the beast for 42 months. All the people, except those who have been redeemed, are forced to bear ‘the mark of the beast’.

Seven angels with seven bowls release seven plagues.

At Armageddon, the armies of heaven defeat the beast and his armies and the beast and the false profit are cast into the fiery lake of burning sulphur.

The devil is thrown into the abyss and sealed in for a thousand years. After a thousand years he gathers a new army but is defeated and he also is thrown into the lake of burning sulphur to be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

The dead are judged according to what they had done in life, as recorded in the book of life, after which death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire.

A new heaven and a new earth replace the old and there is no longer any sea.

God comes down from heaven to dwell with the people in the Holy City, the New Jerusalem. The water of life flows down the middle of the great street of the city on each side of which stands the tree of life for the healing of the nations.

‘… I am Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End … I am coming soon … The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen’.